The Order of the Arrow is led by youth leadership (national chief, national vice chief), the national Order of the Arrow chairman, the OA director and the OA specialist. In addition the national Order of the Arrow committee provides direction for the yearly program.
The national chief and vice chief are Arrowmen elected to one-year terms by the section chiefs during the annual national planning meeting. They serve as members of the national Order of the Arrow committee, providing the opinion of youth Arrowmen on national OA policy. They also serve as the presiding officers for the national OA event. They are advised in their responsibilities by the national OA committee chairman and the Order of the Arrow team leader. The national OA committee chairman is appointed annually by the vice president/chairman of the national Outdoor Adventures Group. The professional adviser is the Order of the Arrow team leader, a national professional Scouter.
The National Order of the Arrow Committee is a group of appointed individuals that oversee the yearly program of the Order of the Arrow. The national chief and national vice chief also serve on the committee.
The Order of the Arrow has over 170,000 members nationwide. Although the Order of the Arrow is "a thing of the spirit," there are several layers of organization, each with its own role.